JVARY MONASTERY – CROSS-DOMED CHURCH
30 Km from Tbilisi/4 th – 6 th CC/ Eastern Georgia
Georgian Orthodox monastery stands on the rocky mountaintop at the confluence of the Mtkvari and Aragvi rivers, overlooking the town of Mtskheta, which was formerly the capital of the Kingdom of Iberia. It is located opposite the ancient city of Mtskheta. St. Nino erected the first wooden cross at the site. Along with other historic structures of Mtskheta, it is listed in 1994 as a World Heritage site by UNESCO.
SVETITSKHOVELI – CROSS-DOMED CHURCH
25 Km from Tbilisi/11 th C/ Eastern Georgia
The Svetitskhoveli Cathedral is located in the historic town of Mtskheta, Masterpiece of the Early Middle Ages, Svetitskhoveli is recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. It is currently the second largest church building in Georgia, after the Holy Trinity Cathedral.
Svetitskhoveli – which may be translated as “The Life-giving pillar”, is the main church of Mtskheta and a sacred place where the robe of Christ is being kept. An enormous cedar tree grew on a place where Christ’s robe was buried. The place was chosen as a site for the future church.
This bright example of Georgian renaissance architecture was erected by architect Arsukidze in 11th c, in the place where the first church in Georgia once stood in the 4th c.
USHGULI / SVANETI – FORTIFICATION
550 Km from Tbilisi / Medieval CC
Ushguli is located at an altitude of 2,200 metres (6,900 ft) near the foot of Shkhara, one of the highest summits of the Greater Caucasus mountains. About 70 families (about 200 people) live in the area, enough to support a small school. The area is snow-covered for 6 months of the year, and often the road to Mestia is impassable.
Ushguli Recognized as the Upper Svaneti UNESCO World Heritage Site. Ushguli is one of the highest continuously inhabited settlements in Europe.
GELATI / IMERETI – CROSS-DOMED CHURCH
259 Km from Tbilisi / 12 th C
Gelati is a medieval monastic complex near Kutaisi, in the Imereti region of western Georgia. A masterpiece of the Georgian Golden Age, Gelati was founded in 1106 by King David IV of Georgia and is recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
GEORGIAN ALPHABET – MRGVLOVANI, NUSKHURI, MKHEDRULI
Mrgvlovani was the first alphabet from which Nuskhuri was derived, followed by Mkhedruli. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has added the Georgian alphabet to the list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
The nomination was submitted to UNESCO for consideration in 2015. The main goal was to underline the harmonic co-existence of three alphabets.